History - Against communism
By the end of the Second World War, the main military and political force of the country (the communist party) sent its army to the north of Albania to destroy the nationalist forces and to eliminate its rivals. They met an open resistance in Nikaj-Mertur, Dukagjin and Kelmend. Kelmendi's chieftains headed by Preke Cali were anti-Communists. In January 15, 1945, a battle between partisans of the first Brigade and nationalist forces was fought at Tamara Bridge. Partisan forces lost 52 partisans; consequently, their communist terror was unmatched. About 150 Kelmendi people were killed, burnt alive, had their eyeballs out, were buried in holes or cruelly tortured. Their leader Preke Cali was also shot dead. In this way, communism brought about painful tragedies, bloodshed and antihuman tortures, which can hardly be forgotten.
This event was the starting point of other dramas, which took place during Enver Hoxha's dictatorship. Class struggle was strictly applied, human freedom and human rights were denied, Kelmendi was isolated both by the border and by lack of roads for other 20 years, agricultural cooperative brought about economic backwardness, life became a physical blowing action etc. Many Kelmendi people fled, some others froze by bullets and ice when trying to pass the border.