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  Natural Resources - Flora

Vegetation covers 79.3 % of Kelmendi surface were elements of Central Europe flora are distinguished. Oak and alpines pastures are dominant in the area.
The forest and pastures are very widespread in the area of Malėsia e Madhe: Total area 53,080 ha; Forests 40,110 ha; Pastures 12,970 ha
The valley of Vermoshi: Total area 3,566 ha; Forests 2,562 ha; Pastures 680 ha

The forests make up 65.5 % of the botanical cover of Kelmend, with a total volume of 3 671 630 m3, were 2 751 574 m3 is building material and the rest is timber
Bushes and oaks grow in altitudes from 200 to 800m above the sea level. Bushes make up 14.4 % of the forests' area, and oaks make up 3.7 % of this area.
The most representative varieties of trees in the area are the Adriatic oak (Quercus cerris), the Hungarian oak (Quercus frainetto), Macedonian oak (Qurcus trojane), maple (Acer obtusatum), hornbeam (carpinus orientalis), Juniper (Juniperus spp), sage (salvia officinalis) etc. In Vermoshi area, bushes and oaks are represented only by willow that occupies an area of about 130 ha. Beech grows in dark gray soil, where the humus is present in large amounts such as Vermoshi area and meadow of Harusha. Together with the beech, there grow other trees such as the mountain maple (Acer pseudoplatanus), wild hazelnut (Corylus avellana), and white fir (Abies Alba). Beeches and coniferous grow up to an altitude of 1800 m above the sea level. They comprise the most important forest layer of Kelmend area. Beech makes up 69.8 % of the forests' area, with a total volume of about 3 036 310 m3; while conifer­ous make up 12.1 % of the forests with a total volume of 388 259 m3.
The most beautiful forest blocks are those of Vermoshi, Lepusha, Seferca and those located in the upper stream of the Cemi River, Selca (Morina) and Vukla (Lloboshnica). The forest of Peshtani is one of the most beautiful forests of the region.
The forests and pastures of the area are administered by the Directorate of the Forests of Malesi e Madhe region and the Commune of Kelmend.
Pastures are rich in numerous grass family 72.8% and leguminous family 27.2%. In the high altitudes of the alpine pastures, grow some sub-alpine bushes such as kerleka (Pinos muga) in the Cursed Highlands area, Juniper (Juniperus nana) in the Jezerca lakes area, etc.
The alpine and sub-alpine pastures of Kelmend are found in altitudes from, 1500 to 2400 m above the sea level. They comprise about 27.3 % of the botanical cover of Kemendi and there could graze about 50 000 sheep. The pastures could be found mainly in the areas of Berishdoli and Cemi's basin. Main grass family species are the multicolor tare (Lolium rnultiflorum), grass (agropyrum repens), matgrass (Nardus stricta) etc. While from the pea family species could be mentioned the clover of Alps (trifolium alpestre), clover of meadows (trifolium pratense), etc. In the area of Lepusha, there are identified 24 different varieties of the clover.
Medicinal Plants
The medicinal plants are found in big number and they are spread out everywhere in the area. It could be counted 96 different medical plants. From the estimations, result that 3313ha out of 23 412 ha are populated with plants that contain oils of ether and of the conifer family. The most significant representatives are the walnut (juglans regia), in the Cemi's basin, balsami kukula (hypericum perferatum), lime tree etc. Even though they are rare, there could be counted 52 species of endemic plants. From these plants could be mentioned the buttercup (ranunculus hayekii), Albanian privet (ligustikum albanicum) in Seferca, purple butterbur (petasite dorfler), bearberry (artostaphylos uva-ursi), Dalmatian geranium (geranium dalmaticirm).


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